The term miscarriage is used when a woman is unable to maintain her pregnancy and it is terminated at an early stage.
It may be intentional or accidental. For an intentional miscarriage, the term “abortion” is used.
The term “miscarriage” is used when a pregnancy is terminated without an intention of the mother.
Many women have miscarriages in their lives. Some experience this situation again and again. This can have many reasons. First, we will discuss the reasons for spontaneous abortion and then we will see how to prevent a miscarriage.
Reasons for Miscarriage:
Incompatibility of Blood/Opposite RH Factor:
The blood of the fetus does not match with that of the mother.
It is called “RH factor incompatibility”. In this case, RH factor of the fetus does not match with that of the mother. For example, the RH factor of the fetus may be positive whereas the RH factor of the mother is negative.
In this case, the immune system of the mother recognizes the fetus as a foreign body. The immune system of the mother throws the fetus out of the body. This factor is, however, rarely a cause of miscarriage due to the advancement in the health science.
Fallopian Tube Pregnancy:
The fertilized egg does not fit in the uterine cavity, a space specified for this purpose. Instead, it is embedded somewhere in the Fallopian tube.
The fertilized egg must be implanted in the proper place (uterine cavity) to maintain the pregnancy, otherwise, a miscarriage will occur. It is termed as “Fallopian tube pregnancy” or “tubal pregnancy”.
Injury To The Abdominal Area:
While pregnant, if a woman meets an accident and bears a jerk of a steering wheel on her belly, a miscarriage will occur.
Any severe pressure or blunt force to the abdominal area may cause a miscarriage. Sudden falling from the staircase may also cause miscarriage. Slipping and falling with a force may also cause miscarriage.
Consumption of Illegal Drugs:
If a pregnant woman takes recreational or illegal drugs, she may face a high risk of miscarriage.
The reason is that these drugs pass through the bloodstream of the mother into the bloodstream of the fetus.
At this developmental stage, the organs of the fetus are unable to filter the harmful contents present in these drugs. The harmful substances become toxic to the fetus.
When the toxic level is increased, the fetus may die. Some prescribed drugs may also play the same role, leading to a miscarriage.
If a woman has a miscarriage in the past or she had gone through an abortion, the risk of miscarriages in her future pregnancies may be increased.
Abortions cause the cervix to become irritable or incompetent, and it results in the miscarriage.
Prevention of Miscarriage
Since most spontaneous abortions occur because of chromosomal abnormalities, not much can be done to prevent this.
But precautions or preventive measures can be taken to prevent a miscarriage. The following preventive measures are helpful to prevent spontaneous abortions.
- Eat healthy foods and avoid dieting during this period.
- Exercise regularly.
- Manage stress.
- Keep your weight within the limits.
- Keep your abdomen safe.
- Avoid wearing high heel shoes.
- Avoid smoking and try not be around smoke.
- Avoid drinking alcohol.
- Eliminate or limit caffeine.
- Avoid taking over the counter medicine without your doctor’s consultancy.
- Avoid hazards, like radiations, infectious diseases, and X-rays.
Coping with a Miscarriage
Dealing with a miscarriage is a personal experience that different women cope with differently.
After a miscarriage, the grief of a woman may be so overwhelming that some women even wonder if they could ever be happy again. Some of them never truly get over their loss.
Grief can be more manageable over time if only these women realize that the feelings that they feel are valid and accept that they need some time to work on it.
After a miscarriage, women may feel extremely sad and even depressed.
The body’s hormonal levels fall, magnifying the feelings and turning them into depression. But this can normally fade after a few weeks.
Some women also feel angry at themselves for losing the baby especially if they have wanted the baby for a long time. They can even feel guilty for what happened.
Life After the Miscarriage
After the incident, many women would feel jealous of other pregnant women and mothers with new babies.
These feelings are normal, but they will certainly not make grieving women feel better.
Women who have just experienced miscarriage need some time on their own; they need to grieve for their loss.
They will most likely undergo the five stages of grief, which are denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Some families and friends may provide comfort.
Some of them may never relate to the feelings of the mother, especially those who have never experienced a loss and they can cause additional stress.
They may say some hurtful and unintentional things even if they just want to help.
The loss of a child can either bring couples together again, or it can cause a strain in the relationship.
Men and women react differently to this kind of loss.
Men talk less of their feelings even if they are feeling the same intensity of grief and they move past the emotional part more quickly than women.
Women often interpret this action as uncaring on the part of the men. Men often respond by believing that women dwell too much on the loss of their child.
Many couples need to share what they feel and support each other during the experience.
Men and women cope differently with a miscarriage, but here’s what they can do to help in this painful experience:
Honor your baby.
Keep a journal to write your feelings down.
Find a support group that has undergone the same experience
Take time off and get away for a while.
Pick up a new hobby as a distraction.
Seek professional help to help you get through the loss. It is advised to seek the help of a mental health professional so that the grief will not affect you in your daily routine and work.
Try to conceive again after the miscarriage. Many find it therapeutic to try again for a new pregnancy after the miscarriage, but you need to have medical clearance first. Once your physician informs you that you are physically able, try to have a baby again. If it is your first time losing a baby, follow what the doctor advised.